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Annual Conference 2019, May 10-12, Berlin, Germany

Conference Program

Intelligence, Diplomacy, and International Relations


25th Annual Conference of the International Intelligence History Association (IIHA)

in cooperation with the German Spy Museum Berlin

May 10-12, 2019

German Spy Museum Berlin

Leipziger Platz 9, 10117 Berlin


FRIDAY (May 10, 2019)

12:00-12:30    Registration


12:30-13:00    Welcome and Opening

  • Shlomo SHPIRO, Chairman of the IIHA
  • Christoph NEHRING, Researcher in History of the German Spy Museum


13:00-15:00    Panel I: Between East and West – Espionage in Berlin

Chair: Shlomo SHPIRO, Bar Ilan University, Israel

  • Rüdiger BERGIEN, Centre of Contemporary History Potsdam, Germany: The Tapped Politburo: Western Espionage in the SED Central Committee Apparatus, 1950–1972
  • Thomas BOGHARDT, US Army Center of Military History Washington D.C, USA: America’s Secret Army: The 7880 Military Intelligence Detachment in Berlin
  • Bruce M. MACKAY, National Intelligence University, USA: West Berlin: Home to Odd, Curious, and Strange Intelligence Collection Efforts of the Cold War
  • Susanne MUHLE, Berlin Wall Foundation: City of Kidnappings. The Abduction Practice of the East German Secret Police and the Western Reactions in Cold War Berlin


15:00-15:30    Coffee Break


15:30-17:30    Panel II: Intelligence and International Relations

Chair: Wolfgang KRIEGER, University of Marburg, Germany

  • Torben GÜLSTORFF, Freelance Historian Berlin, Germany: The Invisible Hand. West German Undercover Operations to Channel Nation-building Processes during the Early Stages of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • Lutz HEILMANN, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Germany: Knowledge and Intelligence in the Early Cold War. Partisan and Stay-Behind Networks in Austria and Germany
  • Susan PERLMAN, National Intelligence University, USA: US Intelligence and the French Crisis of 1947
  • Jens WEGENER, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Germany: Handle with Care: CIA-BND Cooperation in the Field of Electronic Data Processing during the “Information Explosion,” 1964-1974


17:30-18:00    Keynote Speech: Shlomo SHPIRO – 25 Years of IIHA – Do Intelligence Studies Make Better Intelligence Services?


18:00  Evening Reception at the German Spy Museum


SATURDAY (May 11, 2019)


09:00-10:00    Young Researcher Forum

Young Researcher Forum I

Chair: Gordan AKRAP, Hybrid Warfare Research Institute, Croatia

  • Francesco CACCIATORE, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Italy: The Takeover Tear: a New Perspective for Interpreting US Covert Strategy in Europe in the Early Cold War
  • David Alexander SCHAEFER, King’s College London, UK: Liaison Diplomacy and the Evolution of Intelligence Machinery
  • Dora GELO, University of Zagreb, Croatia: Relevance of the Information Process in the Media in the Context of National Security

Young Researcher Forum II

Chair: Thomas WEGENER FRIIS, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark

  • Charlotte YELAMOS, King’s College London, UK: The Archaeology of Cold War Intelligence: Material and Landscape Studies of the BRIXMIS ‘Intelligence Culture’
  • Titus VAN DE KERKE, University of Groningen, Netherlands: Keeping the Monkey’s Hand from the Knife? The Discursive/Material Construction of Dutch Inter-war Iintelligence’s Security Impact
  • Mantong Amanda ZHANG, University of Oxford, UK: Communist Understanding of the Female Spy: Narrating Seductresses, “Ordinariness” and Hardships During the Sino-Japanese War, 1937 – 1945


10:00-10:30    Coffee Break


10:30-12:30    Panel III: The place to be: International Intelligence Services in Germany during the 20th century

Chair: Anna ABELMANN, Ruhr University of Bochum, Germany

  • Gordan AKRAP: Hybrid Warfare Research Institute, Croatia:Walesa, Woytila, „Angelo“ and KGB/HVA/SBU: Active Measures in Germany
  • Michael Eric LAMBERT, Sorbonne University, France: The French Military Intelligence in Berlin (1966-1994)
  • Ephraim LAPID, Bar Ilan University, Israel: International Opportunity Windows, 1940-1952The Origins of the Israeli Mossad
  • Danny PRONK, Netherlands Institute of International Relations, The Netherland: Thinker, Sailor, Soldier, Spy: Our Men in BerlinThe Netherlands Military Mission at the Allied Control Council for Germany, 1945-1949


12:30-14:00    Lunch Break


14:00-16:00    Panel IV: Intelligence and Diplomacy

Chair: Charlotte BACKERRA, University of Darmstadt, Germany

  • Roberto DURAN, Catholic University of Chile, Chile:Diplomacy and Intelligence: A Study about Three South-American countries, 1970-2000
  • Sophia HOFFMANN,Leibniz-Center Modern Orient, Germany: The GDR’s Ministry of State Security’s Relations with the Arab Middle East: Intelligence as an Integral Element of Diplomacy
  • Wolfgang KRIEGER, University of Marburg, Germany:Spying and Diplomacy: The German BND and Its Western Partners from 1945 to the 1960s
  • Donald P.STEURY, University of Maryland, USA: Naval Arms Control and Intelligence in the Prewar Era: The Bismarck as an Intelligence Problem


16:00-16:30    Coffee Break


16:30-18:00    Panel V: Intelligence, Transparency and Whistleblowers

Chair: Eva JOBS, University of Marburg, Germany

  • Adrian HÄNNI, University of Zurich, Switzerland:“Terrorist Diplomacy”: West European Intelligence Services and Secret Diplomacy with International Armed Groups during the Cold War
  • Anne-Simone ROUS, Saxon Academy of Sciences and Humanities: Ciphers as Whistleblowers: Circles and Compasses of Secrecy in the 18th century
  • Michael WALA, Ruhr-University of Bochum, Germany: Otto John – Patriot or Traitor? A Story of International Intelligence Entanglements and Disinformation


18:00-19:00    Annual Membership Meeting of the IIHA


SUNDAY (May 12, 2019)


09:00-11:00    Panel VI: Intelligence, Diplomacy and Embassies

Chair: Anna DAUN, University of Applied Sciences for Economics and Law Berlin, Germany

  • Dina REZK, University of Reading, UK: The Unstable Watch Tower: America’s Cairo Embassy and the Egyptian Leadership
  • Daniela RICHTEROVA,Brunel University, UK: Intelligence, Terrorism and Liaison: Middle Eastern embassies in the East Bloc
  • Nikita SHAH, University of Warwick, UK: Beijing 1967: An Embassy in Flames
  • Zakia SHIRAZ, University of Leicester, UK: Diplomats Under Siege: The M-19 and the Bogotá Embassy Takeover of 1980


11:00-11:30    Coffee Break


11:30-13:30    Panel VII: Intelligence Today

Chair: Richard ALDRICH, University of Warwick, UK

  • Samantha HOSSACK, University of Waterloo, Canada: Failing in Transition: The Failure of the United States’ Intelligence System and its Effects on International Relations
  • Christopher NEHRING, University of Heidelberg, Germany & Constant HINJZEN, University of Leiden, The Netherland: Comparing the Watchdogs – German and Dutch Parliamentary Intelligence Oversight
  • Allen PIETROBON, American University, USA: Journalist or Intelligence Agent? The fine line between reporting the news and intelligence gatherings
  • Pedro PONTE E SOUSA, New University of Lisbon, Portugal: Is there any Intelligence at All? Portuguese Foreign Policy, Secrecy, the National Interest, and Transparency


End of Conference